15 June 2006 First light from a very large area pixel array for high-throughput x-ray polarimetry
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Abstract
We report on a large active area (15x15mm2), high channel density (470 pixels/mm2), self-triggering CMOS analog chip that we have developed as pixelized charge collecting electrode of a Micropattern Gas Detector. This device, which represents a big step forward both in terms of size and performance, is the last version of three generations of custom ASICs of increasing complexity. The CMOS pixel array has the top metal layer patterned in a matrix of 105600 hexagonal pixels at 50μm pitch. Each pixel is directly connected to the underneath full electronics chain which has been realized in the remaining five metal and single poly-silicon layers of a standard 0.18μm CMOS VLSI technology. The chip has customizable self-triggering capability and includes a signal pre-processing function for the automatic localization of the event coordinates. In this way it is possible to reduce significantly the readout time and the data volume by limiting the signal output only to those pixels belonging to the region of interest. The very small pixel area and the use of a deep sub-micron CMOS technology has brought the noise down to 50 electrons ENC. Results from in depth tests of this device when coupled to a fine pitch (50μm on a triangular pattern) Gas Electron Multiplier are presented. The matching of readout and gas amplification pitch allows getting optimal results. The application of this detector for Astronomical X-Ray Polarimetry is discussed. The experimental detector response to polarized and unpolarized X-ray radiation when working with two gas mixtures and two different photon energies is shown. Results from a full MonteCarlo simulation for several galactic and extragalactic astronomical sources are also reported.
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R. Bellazzini, R. Bellazzini, G. Spandre, G. Spandre, M. Minuti, M. Minuti, L. Baldini, L. Baldini, A. Brez, A. Brez, F. Cavalca, F. Cavalca, L. Latronico, L. Latronico, N. Omodei, N. Omodei, M. M. Massai, M. M. Massai, C. Sgrò, C. Sgrò, E. Costa, E. Costa, P. Soffitta, P. Soffitta, F. Krummenacher, F. Krummenacher, R. de Oliveira, R. de Oliveira, } "First light from a very large area pixel array for high-throughput x-ray polarimetry", Proc. SPIE 6266, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation II: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 62663Y (15 June 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.671401; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.671401
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